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Public domain film from the US National Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, mild video noise reduction applied.
The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, /or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original).
The United States Merchant Marine is the fleet of U.S. civilian-owned vessels, operated by either the government or the private sector, that engage in commerce or transportation of goods in out of the navigable waters of the United States. The Merchant Marine is responsible for transporting cargo passengers during peacetime. In time of war, the Merchant Marine is capable of being an auxiliary to the Navy, can be called upon to deliver military personnel materiel for the military. The Merchant Marine, however, does not have a role in combat, although a mariner has a responsibility to protect cargo carried aboard his ship.
Merchant mariners move cargo passengers between nations within the United States, operate maintain deep-sea ships, tugboats, towboats, ferries, dredges, excursion vessels, other waterborne craft on the oceans, the Great Lakes, rivers, canals, harbors, other waterways.
As of 2006, the United States fleet numbered 465 ships approximately 100,000 people work on U.S. flag ships. Seven hundred ships owned by American interests but registered, or flagged, in other countries are not included in this number.
The federal government maintains fleets of ships via organizations such as Military Sealift Command the National Defense Reserve Fleet. In 2004, the federal government employed approximately 5% of all American water transportation workers.
In the 19th 20th centuries, various laws fundamentally changed the course of American shipping. These laws put an end to common practices such as flogging shanghaiing, increased shipboard safety living standards. The United States Merchant Marine is also governed by several international conventions to promote safety prevent pollution…
The first wartime role of an identifiable United States marine took place on June 12, 1775, in around Machias, Maine. A group of citizens, hearing the news from Concord Lexington, captured the British schooner HMS Margaretta…
Word of this revolt reached Boston, where the Continental Congress the various colonies issued Letters of Marque to privateers. The privateers interrupted the British supply chain all along the eastern seaboard of the United States across the Atlantic Ocean. These actions by the privateers predate both the United States Coast Guard the United States Navy, which were formed in 1790 1775, respectively.
The marine was active in subsequent wars, from the Confederate commerce raiders of the American Civil War, to the assaults on Allied commerce in the First in the Second World Wars. 3.1 million tons of ships were lost in World War II. Mariners died at a rate of 1 in 24, which was the highest rate of casualties of any service…
Merchant shipping also played its role in the wars in Vietnam Korea. During the Korean War, the number of ships under charter grew from 6 to 255. In September 1950, when the U.S. Marine Corps went ashore at Incheon, 13 Navy cargo ships, 26 chartered American, 34 Japanese-manned ships, under the operational control of Military Sea Transportation Service, participated.
During the Vietnam War, ships crewed by civilian seamen carried 95% of the supplies used by the American armed forces. Many of these ships sailed into combat zones under fire. The SS Mayaguez incident involved the capture of mariners from the American ship SS Mayaguez.